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Language Holidays
Interpreting - Translation

Talking about Christmas...

Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus.

Listen to Christmas allowance - Christmas bonus
Listen to Christmas cake - a rich fruitcake (usually covered with icing and marzipan) and eaten at Christmas
Listen to Christmas card - a greetings card that people send to friends and family at Christmas
Listen to Christmas carol - a song whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas, or the winter season in general
Listen to Christmas cracker - consists of a cardboard tube wrapped in a brightly decorated twist of paper (making it resemble an oversized sweet-wrapper). It is pulled by two people and much in the manner of a wishbone, the cracker splits unevenly. The split is accompanied by a small bang
Listen to Christmas Day - a Christian holiday celebrating the birth of Christ, 25 December
Listen to Christmas Eve - the day before Christmas
Listen to Christmas holidays - the holiday period for about a week before and after Christmas Day
Listen to Christmas present - a present given at Christmas time
Listen to Christmas stocking - a large sock which children leave out when they go to bed on Christmas Eve so that it can be filled with small presents
Listen to Christmas pudding - plum pudding: a rich steamed or boiled pudding that resembles cake
Listen to Christmas rose - European evergreen plant with white or purplish rose like winter-blooming flowers
Listen to Christmas shopping - buying Christmas presents
Listen to Christmas tree - an evergreen or artificial tree decorated, as with lights and ornaments, during the Christmas season
Listen to Father Christmas - chiefly British - - Santa Claus
Listen to Christmas tree ball - Christmas ball ornament
Listen to white Christmas - a Christmas when it snows
Listen to Merry Christmas! - said at Christmas to wish people a pleasant Christmas period

Some expressions containing the word Christmas:

Listen to Happy Christmas! Merry Christmas!

Listen to When do you break up for Christmas?
Listen to at Christmas
Listen to for Christmas

Now we put new vocabulary into context, so you can see how you might use these terms yourself. The expressions are in boldface in the text.

Listen to Each of our employees who have been with our firm for a period of six months or more receives a Christmas bonus.
Listen to The Christmas Cake as we know it today comes from two customs which became one around 1870 in Victorian England. Originally there was a porridge, the origins of which go back to the beginnings of Christianity. Then there was a fine cake made with the finest milled wheat flour, this was baked only in the Great Houses, as not many people had ovens back in the 14th century.
Listen to Many businesses, particularly smaller local businesses, send Christmas cards to the people on their customer lists, as a way to develop general goodwill and reinforce social networks.
Listen to Christmas carols can be sung by individual singers, but are also often sung by larger groups, including professionally trained choirs.
Listen to Many Christians traditionally celebrate a midnight mass at midnight on Christmas Eve, which is held in churches throughout the world, marking the beginning of Christmas Day.
Listen to Christmas pudding is the dessert traditionally served on Christmas day in Britain. It has its origins in England, and is sometimes known as plum pudding, though this can also refer to other kinds of boiled pudding involving a lot of dried fruit.
Listen to The Christmas tree is normally an evergreen tree that is brought in the house or used in the open and is decorated with Christmas lights and colourful ornaments during the days around Christmas.


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