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Interpreting - Translation

Talking about Weather...

Weather - the state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity, and barometric pressure.

Expressions containing the word ‘weather’:

Listen to under the weather - slightly ill; suffering from a hangover; intoxicated; drunk
Listen to make heavy weather of ... – to exaggerate the difficulty of something to be done
Listen to weather forecast - a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
Listen to weathergirl, weather girl - a woman on a television or radio programme who gives a weather forecast
Listen to weatherman, weather man - a man on a television or radio programme who gives a weather forecast
Listen to weather station - a building or place where information is gathered about local weather conditions
Listen to weather-beaten - describes something, such as skin or a building material, that has been marked or damaged by the weather
Listen to weather vane - a pointer with a flat blade at one end which is put on top of a high building and turns round in the wind to show which way it is blowing from
Listen to fair-weather friend - someone who is a good friend when it is easy for them to be one and who stops when you are having problems
Listen to What is the weather like?

Some Quotations about Weather:

The trouble with weather forecasting is that it's right too often for us to ignore it and wrong too often for us to rely on it. ~ Patrick Young

Don't knock the weather; nine-tenths of the people couldn't start a conversation if it didn't change once in a while. ~ Kin Hubbard

Bad weather always looks worse through a window. ~ Author Unknown

Adjectives describing weather:

Listen to sticky - warm and humid; muggy
Listen to cool - neither warm nor very cold; moderately cold
Listen to chilly - cool or cold enough to cause shivering
Listen to cloudy - full of or covered with clouds; overcast
Listen to hazy - misty
Listen to foggy - full of or surrounded by fog
Listen to windy - characterized by strong wind; stormy
Listen to sunny - characterized by long spells of sunshine or sunlight

Nouns describing weather:

Listen to humidity - dampness, especially of the air; moisture
Listen to frost - a temperature low enough to cause freezing
Listen to scattered shower - isolated shower
Listen to drizzle - a fine, gentle, misty rain
Listen to precipitation - any form of water, such as rain, snow or hail, that falls to the earth's surface.
Listen to hail - grains of ice which fall from the clouds when there are strong rising air currents
Listen to mist - water vapour condensed on and clouding the appearance of a surface.
Listen to fog - condensed water vapour in cloudlike masses lying close to the ground and limiting visibility
Listen to dew - water droplets condensed from the air, usually at night, onto cool surfaces
Listen to wind - moving air, especially a natural and perceptible movement of air parallel to or along the ground
Listen to thunderstorm - a transient, sometimes violent storm of thunder and lightning, often accompanied by rain and sometimes hail
Listen to sleet - a mixture of rain and snow
Listen to gale - a strong wind; force 7 to 10 on Beaufort scale
Listen to whirlwind - a violent windstorm of limited extent, as the tornado, characterised by an inward spiral motion of the air with an upward current in the centre. It usually has a rapid progressive motion

Conversion of Temperature or Celsius vs. Fahrenheit

There are two main temperature scales. The Fahrenheit Scale (used in the US), and the Celsius Scale (part of the Metric System, used in most other Countries)

To convert Fahrenheit temperatures into Celsius:

1. Begin by subtracting 32 from the Fahrenheit number.
2. Divide the answer by 9.
3. Then multiply that answer by 5.


Daylight saving time (DST) (summer time in British English) is the convention of advancing clocks so that afternoons have more daylight and mornings have less. Typically clocks are adjusted forward one hour near the start of spring and are adjusted backward in autumn.

The American English mnemonic “spring forward, fall back” helps people remember which direction to shift clocks.


Weather Forecast Samples:

Summary: Mostly sunny start. Becoming wet and windy in west later.

Showers dying out, then sunny for a time. Heavy rain and gales spreading to northern and western areas later.

Heavy rain and severe gales for the northwest, turning showery and less windy later. Heavy rain for northern England and Wales. Elsewhere, mainly dry.

Four-week forecast

Listen to Low pressure is expected to remain to the north or northwest of the UK, with higher pressure to the south over southern Europe, ensuring a run of westerly winds across the country. Gales are possible in some places, especially over north-western districts. For the first week or so this general pattern will lead to above average values for rainfall across the UK. However, rainfall amounts should revert to near average for most after the first week. Temperature values across the UK will be generally above average for the first couple of weeks, with few frosts expected. Later, however, temperature values will fall to be nearer average for the most districts.

Sunday night:
Partly cloudy skies this evening will give way to occasional showers overnight. Low 42F. Winds at 10 to 15 mph. Chance of rain 40%.

Some sun with a few showers possible. Highs in the low 50s and lows in the upper 30s.


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